Does anyone know what kind of caterpillar this is?

Does anyone know what kind of caterpillar this is?

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I was out hiking, and was walking along the side of a road, and saw this little guy on some gravel. Hes a light blue/grey color, hairy, spotted with red,and looks like he has horns and a tail. I've been trying to search for what species it is. If anyone knows, please share!

(Click to view full image)

Looks similar to a Rusty Tussock Moth (Orgyia antiqua) caterpillar, but you might want to check the bugguide page for the species, or submit your photo there for a second opinion.

Does anyone know what kind of caterpillar this is? - Biology

we live in raleigh, and our tomatoes had these fat little visitors too. it is a tomato hornworm. they will eat up your whole plant if you let them. we just picked the branch off that they were on, and moved them to another part of our yard :)

A very destructive worm. In Ohio we call it a tomato worm. They are very bad for your garden and will take a bite out of every tomato! They bite too and leave a large red sore. :(

A very hungry caterpillar!

Hee.. I love this! And the fact that you spotted it makes it even better. I say that is The Very Hungry and Super Lucky caterpillar. :o)

falling on the extensive scientific background i acquired in 8th grade biology class, i am going to rule this a "green" caterpillar, of the tomato eating variety.

We suggest that you should put your caterpillar in another part of the yard so that he doesn't eat anymore tomatoes. (Good thing it's your last one.) We agree that he's a lucky caterpillar to be there.

We LOVE your blog. We've learned so many new things about you. Thanks!

1st grade InfoTech class
Hamilton, Michigan

It's a tomato hornworm. And they do LOVE tomatoes. You're lucky it didn't eat every one of yours (-: They turn into sphinx moths. Have fun watching it especially if it gets parasitized by a wasp. The wasp lays it's eggs in the caterpillars body!! It is almost Halloween after all.

Love your blog! It was great to meet you at the museum in August. Many of my friends were jealous.

Tomato Hornworm. Welcome to NC and the Southeast. The land of mutant bugs! lol.

We have them here in Idaho, too. Probably the largest thing I've ever found in my garden that wasn't a pet. I trapped two of them once under a gallon can of paint. Came back later and the cans were turned over and the house was a lovely shade of green.

A friend of mine just told me about the hornworm caterpillar. Yes, they do love tomatoes. but they also turn into the beautiful hummingbird moth.

Yes they even live here in the desert of Las Vegas on my tomatoes! They are quite irresistible aren't they! Great for playing with if you are a child, or think like one! Thanks for sharing your thoughts.

When I first read your post I was so excited that you choose to spare the tomato for the hungry little caterpillar! I thought, that's an act I can celebrate! But with each comment I read, I began loosing that enthusiasm and felt compassion for the little guy - especially if the laying of wasp eggs torture is true. mama. what an ill fate - in which case perhaps that sacrificed tomato is serving the exact caterpillar in need! Now it has a great chance to become the month it is destined to be and avoid the bludgeoning wasps. Let's here it for the underdog and positive endings! Thank you for sharing the tenderness that you do within your work. I am a fan.

The Very Hungry Caterpillar and Its Life Cycle

Students listen to a read-aloud of the Eric Carle picture book The Very Hungry Caterpillar. Then they watch a time-lapse video of the monarch butterfly life cycle and create their own picture books.

Biology, Experiential Learning

This lists the logos of programs or partners of NG Education which have provided or contributed the content on this page. Program

1. Read aloud the picture book The Very Hungry Caterpillar by Eric Carle.
Ask students if they remember the picture book The Very Hungry Caterpillar by Eric Carle. Invite students to describe what the book is about. Then read the book aloud to the class.

2. Have students complete a diagram of the life cycle of a butterfly.
Distribute a copy of the worksheet Cycle Diagram to each student. Have students complete the worksheet independently by labeling the four stages in a butterfly's life cycle. Then have a whole-class discussion about butterflies and how they change during their lives. Ask: Does the Eric Carle book tell all about what really happens, or is it just a story?

3. Watch a video from Great Migrations.
Tell students that they will watch a time-lapse video of a butterfly actually going through its life stages. Make sure they understand they will be able to watch the whole process happening it will appear to be happening much faster than it actually does. Encourage students to, as they watch, think about the picture book and what is the same and different about the video and the book. Show students the video “Monarch Life Cycle.” Allow students time to adjust the labels in their Cycle Diagram, as needed.

4. Compare and contrast the video and the picture book.
After students watch the video, discuss the similarities and differences between the video and the book. If needed, show the video a second time or click through the photo gallery Butterfly Life Cycle.

5. Have students create their own picture book about the life cycle of a butterfly.
Provide each student with several sheets of blank paper folded into fourths to create a picture book. Explain to students that they will create their own version of The Very Hungry Caterpillar. Their version will include factual information from the video. Display the picture book in the classroom where students can easily see it. Encourage students to include new science terms, more accurate pictures, descriptions of behavior, and other details from the video in their own versions.

Extending the Learning

Have a class discussion about the difference between storybooks and science books. Ask: How do storybooks change the ideas? Why would a writer do this? When would you want a book that was completely true?


Lindsay and Jenny, two American tourists in Germany, are drugged and involuntarily detained by crazed surgeon Josef Heiter when they seek help at his house after they get a flat tire. The women awake in a makeshift medical ward. They witness Heiter kill a kidnapped truck driver after Heiter informs him he is "not a match". Heiter secures a new male captive, Japanese tourist Katsuro. The doctor explains that he is a world-renowned expert at separating Siamese twins, but dreams of making new creatures by sewing people together. He describes in detail how he will surgically connect his three victims mouth-to-anus, so that they share a single digestive system.

After Lindsay tries to escape and fails, Heiter decides to make her the middle part of the centipede, the most painful position. Heiter performs the surgery, placing Katsuro at the lead, Lindsay at the middle and Jenny at the rear. He removes the front teeth of both women and mutilates the buttocks of Katsuro and Lindsay to provide access to the rectums, to which he grafts their mouths. He severs the ligaments of his victims' knees to prevent leg extension, forcing his victims to crawl. Each victim in the centipede is half-naked, where Katsuro and Lindsay are provided bottoms covered in bandages for healing purposes while Jenny is provided with underwear. All three segments' knees are bandaged for healing and for them to be able to crawl. Lindsay is joined with a strip of bandage to the buttocks of Katsuro and Jenny is joined with a strip of bandage to the buttocks of Lindsay, joining their heads to the anus of the person in front of them.

Once the operation is complete, Heiter is delighted with his creation and takes the centipede to his living room to wake each segment of the centipede up, takes photos of each of them, and even passes a mirror around for the segments of the centipede to marvel at their new form. Heiter attempts to train his centipede as a pet by caging the centipede in a dog kennel, letting Katsuro eat dog food at dinner, and often belittling Katsuro with racist insults and beating him with a crop when he becomes rebellious. When Katsuro defecates, Lindsay is forced to swallow his excrement while the doctor watches in delight. However, he eventually becomes irritated after being kept awake by the constant screaming of a caged Katsuro (who, as the front part of the centipede, has his mouth free and is still able to speak) and by the constant moaning of the women. When the centipede attempts to escape while Heiter is swimming, all three segments of the centipede are beaten with the crop. Heiter is displeased with the realization that Lindsay is constipated. He proposes that he will use laxatives on Lindsay, so that she will defecate into Jenny's mouth, and thus be forced to eat the feces of her best friend. However, before he can do this, he discovers that Jenny is dying from sepsis during a checkup.

When two detectives, Kranz and Voller, visit the house to investigate the disappearance of the tourists, Heiter comes up with an idea to add them as replacements for Jenny in a new creation a four-segment centipede. He offers the two detectives water spiked with sedatives in hopes of knocking the two unconscious. After being given the water, the detectives become suspicious and obtain a search warrant for his home.

When the detectives leave Heiter's home, the victims attempt to escape. Katsuro attacks Heiter in the process. Their attempt to escape ultimately fails. Katsuro confesses to the doctor that he deserves his fate because he had treated his own family poorly, then takes his own life by slitting his throat with a glass shard.

Upon returning to Heiter's home, the detectives forcefully conduct separate searches as Heiter, injured, hides near his swimming pool. Kranz finds the ward along with Heiter's victims. Voller begins to feel ill from the earlier drugging, and Heiter stabs him with the scalpel pulled from his leg during Katsuro's attack. Upon finding Voller dead, Kranz is shot by Heiter with Voller's sidearm. Kranz responds by shooting Heiter in the head before dying. Back in the house, Jenny and Lindsay hold hands as Jenny dies. Lindsay sobs as she is left alone in the house, trapped between her deceased fellow captives. Her fate is left unknown. The film ends with the sounds of her sobbing while the camera pans to the roof of the house.

    as Josef Heiter, a retired surgeon [3] who specialised in the separation of conjoined twins, but in retirement is more interested in joining creatures together. Casting for the role of Heiter took place in Berlin, and Six intended to cast Laser before he had even read for the part, after Six saw a DVD of one of Laser's previous films. [4] Laser had previously appeared in over 60 mostly German-language films, [5] including Der Unhold and Baltic Storm[6] (he speaks German in parts of First Sequence as well). Upon meeting him in Berlin, Six gave Laser a shot-by-shot explanation of Heiter's scenes, and Laser, impressed by Six's dedication and passion, agreed to take part in the film. [7] Laser contributed considerably to the development of Heiter's character. For example, because Heiter views the "centipede" as his pet, Laser felt that it was important that Heiter appear naked during a scene in which he swam in full view of his victims, because Laser said "you aren't ashamed to be naked" around a pet. [8] as Lindsay, an American tourist, a friend of Jenny's, and the central section of the centipede. Auditioning for the roles of Jenny and Lindsay took place in New York City. [9] Six said during the auditioning process, many actresses walked out of readings in disgust after hearing the full nature of the role. [10] Others thought they would be able to take on the role, but found it was "too much" [11] for them once they got onto their hands and knees behind another actor. Williams expressed concern about the nudity expected of her in the film, but took the role when she was assured it would be modest and of a non-sexual nature. [9] as Jenny, an American tourist, a friend of Lindsay's, and the rear section of the centipede. As with Williams, The Human Centipede was Yennie's first major film role. [12] Yennie was one of several actresses to audition for the role, as the producers searched for an actress who would have good on-screen chemistry with Williams. [9] Yennie was able to further develop her relationship with Williams when the pair shared an apartment in the Netherlands during filming. [13] Yennie auditioned to Ilona Six, the film's producer and sister of Tom Six, [6] and did not meet Tom Six, who had viewed tapes of her reading, until fitting for the centipede special effects in the Netherlands. [12] Yennie was drawn to the role by the humanity throughout the story, referring to how the three victims of Heiter are unwillingly forced into their situation. She also said the story was so realistic it scared her. [14] as Katsuro, a Japanese tourist and front section of the centipede. Having already acted in or written for a number of films and television shows (including popular American television series Heroes), [6] Kitamura was a relatively experienced actor compared to other cast members. He auditioned for the role of Katsuro via Skype from Los Angeles after the casting director saw him on television and recommended him for the role. [15] The rest of the cast did not meet Kitamura until the day before shooting commenced. [9]
  • Rene de Wit as Truck Driver, one of Heiter's victims. De Wit had previously worked with Six in his 2008 film I Love Dries. [16]
  • Andreas Leupold as Detective Kranz, a police officer.
  • Peter Blankenstein as Detective Voller, a police officer.

Writing Edit

The inspiration for the film's plot came from a joke that writer/director Tom Six once made to his friends about punishing a child molester they saw on TV by stitching his mouth to the anus of an overweight truck driver. [7] Six saw this as the concept for a great horror film, and he began to develop the idea. [17] He has said he was heavily influenced as a filmmaker by the early works of David Cronenberg and Japanese horror films. [18] Six has said he prefers horror films that are more realistic over "unbelievable" [11] monster films, and that he gets "a rash from too much political correctness." [19] A major influence for The Human Centipede was Pier Paolo Pasolini's controversial 1975 Italian drama film Salò, or the 120 Days of Sodom, which was notable for its scenes depicting intensely graphic violence, sadism, and sexual depravity, as was the work of Japanese director Takashi Miike. [20] Six has also expressed his love of the works of David Lynch. [21] Further inspiration came from Six's previous role as a director on the Dutch series of Big Brother, where he had been able to observe people who "did crazy things when they were alone and thought they were not (being) watched." [22]

Six has stated that The Human Centipede is, to an extent, a reflection on fascism. Dieter Laser, who played the antagonist Dr Heiter, said during the promotion of the film that he felt the guilt of Nazi actions during the war had haunted ordinary Germans for generations, and that as a German whose father participated in the war, he often felt "like a child whose father is in jail for murder." [23] The inclusion of a German villain came from this, with Six citing both the German invasion of the Netherlands during World War II and the Nazi medical experiments as inspiration. [24] Laser stated in an interview with Clark Collis for Entertainment Weekly that he considered the film a "grotesque [parody] about the Nazi psyche". [7] Heiter's name was an amalgamation of several Nazi war criminals, his surname (literally meaning "cheerful" in German) a combination of the names of Nazi doctors Fetter and Richter, and his first name coming from Josef Mengele, who carried out experiments on prisoners at the Auschwitz concentration camp. [25] World War II also played an influence on the nationality of the other main characters who were American and Japanese. [26] Six includes many horror film clichés in the first act, such as a broken-down car, lack of phone signal [27] and very naïve victims. [11] Six did this in an attempt to lull audiences into thinking they are watching a conventional horror film, therefore making Dr Heiter's treatment of his victims more shocking. [28]

Six placed a Japanese male at the front of the centipede to create a language barrier between the doctor and the centipede. Throughout the film the characters (with the exception of Heiter who for the most part speaks to the centipede in English) speak in their native languages only (subtitled for the viewer into English where necessary). Katsuro, as the front part of the centipede, can only speak Japanese and therefore cannot speak with either the doctor or Jenny and Lindsay. Secondly, Katsuro's position in the centipede sets up the opportunity for the doctor and the male victim of the centipede to fight toward the climax of the film. [29] Six stated in the director's commentary for The Human Centipede that he has a personal fear of hospitals and doctors, so he stretched out the scene where Heiter explains how he will create the centipede and the subsequent procedure to create his "own nightmare." [30]

While seeking funding for the film, Six pitched the idea of a surgeon who sewed people together. [31] He did not initially reveal that the victims would be joined mouth-to-anus, as he believed this idea would stand no chance of receiving investments. [32] His backers felt that the idea of a surgeon sewing people together was original and Six received funding. [31] However, they did not learn the exact details of the film until it had been completed. [7] Six claimed that they were very happy with the finished film. [33] Before signing on, the actors were given an outline of the storyboard rather than a complete script. They were also shown sketches of how the centipede would be formed. [9]

Filming Edit

Although The Human Centipede is set in Germany, principal photography took place in the Netherlands due to the neighbouring countries' similar landscapes. [34] Heiter's home, where most of The Human Centipede takes place, was a villa in the Netherlands found by the production team. The property was in a residential area and not surrounded by woodland as it appears in the film, but by other houses. This meant the filmmakers had some difficulty ensuring that the other houses did not appear in shot. [35] Some conversion of the property took place prior to filming, such as a cinema room which was converted to form Heiter's basement operating theatre, [36] with real hospital beds and intravenous drips rented from a local hospital. [37] The paintings of conjoined twins that were displayed throughout the house were painted by Tom Six, which he felt contributed to the atmosphere in the house. [38] The hotel room scene near the beginning of the film was filmed in a hotel suite at a location near Amsterdam. [39] The film was shot almost entirely in sequence, which Yennie stated helped the actors to develop their characters throughout the film. [12] The opening scene, which only featured Laser and de Wit, was shot on the last day of filming. [40]

Laser remained in character as Heiter throughout the filming process, often shouting at the rest of the cast on set, [15] and wherever possible staying away from the other actors and crew between scenes to preserve a level of separation. [41] He only ate food he had brought onto the set himself, [42] eating mostly fruit. [15] He contributed dialogue for his character and selected many of his character's outfits from his personal wardrobe. [43] Six claims that the jacket Heiter wore, which was bought by Laser, was a genuine jacket worn by real Nazi doctors. [44] Laser was also happy for the other actors in The Human Centipede to add their own ideas to the film. For example, when Heiter is explaining his procedure to his victims, Katsuro's dialogue was improvised, which pleased Laser. [15] During filming Laser accidentally kicked Kitamura (Katsuro), leading to a fight on set between the actors. The incident contributed to the tension and anger throughout the scene they were filming, in which Heiter sits at his dining table eating while the centipede eats dog food from the floor alongside him. [45] Laser also unintentionally hurt Williams during the scene where Heiter roughly grabs and injects Lindsay, which caused a pause in shooting. [46]

The Nazi influence behind Heiter led to the use of classical music when the doctor is "training" his centipede. The music was deliberately played at low quality to simulate the music coming from a loudspeaker, in much the same way as music was sometimes played in Nazi concentration camps. [47] Many of the sound effects in The Human Centipede were created by manipulating meat. For example, the sound of a nose being broken was made by snapping bones within cuts of raw meat. [48] Due to the discomfort of spending long periods on their hands and knees, the actors playing the centipede were given massages at the end of each day of filming. [49] Yennie stated that she and Williams experienced jaw pain from holding a bit in their mouths during filming, but overall she did not feel that the physical side of filming had been excessively difficult. [50]

Effects Edit

The Human Centipede contains relatively few gory images little of the surgical procedure is depicted directly, [52] no excrement is shown on screen, [53] and according to Kim Newman in Empire, it is "never quite as outrageous as it threatens to be." [54] Six stated that he wanted the film to be as authentic as possible [55] and claimed to have consulted a Dutch surgeon during the creation and filming process, [7] resulting in the film being "100% medically accurate." [56] Six said that the surgeon initially wanted nothing to do with his film, as he felt Six was "crazy" and the idea had "nothing to do with medical science." However, the surgeon changed his mind and decided that he liked the idea, and so came up with a method of creating a human centipede. [57] Six has claimed that the central and rear members of the centipede could survive for years by supplementing their diet with an IV drip. [11] The special effects team was led by Rob and Erik Hillenbrink, father and son. [9] They designed the final composition of the centipede from sketches provided by the consulting surgeon. [58] The actors who made up the centipede wore hardened underwear, compared by Yennie to shorts, [59] which had a rubber grip for the actors to wear, and for the actor behind to bite, creating the illusion of the mouth-to-anus connection. [15] Six kept secret how the centipede would be formed as long as possible, and Yennie claimed that even her make-up artist did not know, asking Yennie what kind of "suit" the actors would be wearing. [12]

When Heiter is operating on his victims, Jenny's teeth were digitally removed in post-production. [60] However, other effects were relatively simple to create. Heiter's "three dog" was created by digitally editing an image of three Rottweilers to create an image of dogs joined together. [61] Colour grading was used extensively throughout the production of The Human Centipede. For example, at the end of the film when Lindsay is left between the dead bodies of Jenny and Katsuro, their skin tones were lightened to further emphasise that they were dead and Lindsay was still alive. [62]

The rain when Jenny and Lindsay's car breaks down was added digitally in post-production. [63] The filmmakers had not been granted permission to film at the roadside location, but went ahead against the authorities' wishes as Six felt the location in the woods was ideal for the scene. [64] When Heiter's window is repaired after Lindsay's escape attempt, the use of a tracking shot through the window pane required the reflection of the crew to be digitally removed from the glass. [65] The film contains a large number of long tracking shots [66] Six has cited the influence of Takashi Miike who also uses many tracking shots in his films. [20]

Promotion Edit

During promotion for The Human Centipede, press materials claimed that the film was "100% medically accurate". [56] Six and the producers frequently stated that the film had been described as "the most horrific film ever made," [67] and many writers, such as Karina Longworth of LA Weekly magazine [53] and Jay Stone of the Calgary Herald, [68] described the film as torture porn. Roger Ebert, writing in the Chicago Sun-Times, stated that he felt the film had been "deliberately intended to inspire incredulity, nausea and hopefully outrage." [19] However, writing in The Guardian, David Cox noted that he had been unable to trace the source of this quote as the "most horrific film ever made" and had contacted Six to attempt to ascertain the origin of the judgement. [67] Six claimed that the statement had originally been made by The Sun newspaper in the United Kingdom. However, Cox was unable to trace any article making this claim. When asked by Cox as to what Six regarded as the "most horrific" film, Six stated he in fact believed it to be Pier Paolo Pasolini's Salò, or the 120 Days of Sodom. [67]

Theatrical Edit

The Human Centipede was released in the United States without an MPAA rating. [19] It was released theatrically in New York City on 30 April 2010 and had a limited release in the US shortly afterward, distributed by IFC Films. [69] Throughout 2009, the film was included in several film festivals around the world including the London FrightFest Film Festival, Leeds International Film Festival, [6] Sitges Film Festival, [70] and Screamfest Horror Film Festival. [6] Six remarked on how many film festival audiences reacted strongly to the film, sometimes almost vomiting in the cinema aisles. To Six's amusement, Spanish audiences often found the film funny, and laughed throughout screenings. [71] Six claimed that the "buzz" [72] surrounding the film led to several studios approaching him to discuss its distribution. [72] IFC Films has a history of releasing unconventional horror films, having previously distributed the Norwegian Nazi-zombie feature Dead Snow and the 2009 release Antichrist. [73] The Human Centipede ' s US gross was $181,467, and worldwide takings amounted to $252,207. [74]

The film was passed uncut by the British Board of Film Classification (BBFC) and released with an 18 certificate, [67] receiving a limited run in the UK on 20 August 2010. [75] It was distributed by Bounty Films. [67]

Home media Edit

The Human Centipede was released in the United Kingdom on DVD and Blu-ray on 4 October 2010, [76] and in the US the following day, [77] where, as of September 2020, DVD sales have totalled $3,669,412. [78]

Critical response Edit

The Human Centipede received mixed reviews. [79] Review aggregator web site Rotten Tomatoes gave the film a 50% approval rating based on 94 reviews, with an average rating of 5.15/10 the general consensus states: "Grotesque, visceral and hard to (ahem) swallow, this surgical horror doesn't quite earn its stripes because the gross-outs overwhelm and devalue everything else." [80] At Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the film received an average score of 33, based on 15 reviews, indicating "generally unfavorable reviews". [81]

Giving the film three stars out of five, Empire writer Kim Newman stated that "underneath an extremely repulsive concept, this is a relatively conventional horror movie." [54] Variety Magazine writer Peter DeBurge criticised the film's lack of social commentary, stating that it could not "be bothered to expand upon its unpleasant premise, inviting audiences to revel in its sick humor by favoring Dr. Heiter . and characterizing the victims as shallow expendables." [82] Writing in Entertainment Weekly, Clark Collis was broadly positive about Dieter Laser's performance as the Doctor, and praised Six's direction, saying Six "has put together his nightmare yarn with Cronenbergian care and precision." [83] Collis said The Human Centipede was "without question one of the most disgusting horror films ever made." [83] Writing in The Guardian, Peter Bradshaw gave the film three out of five, saying that, whilst "entirely deplorable and revolting," the film was "sort of brilliant". [3] Total Film writer Jamie Russell gave the film four stars out of five, calling it "Shocking, funny, disturbing. a throwback to the glory days of Cronenberg." [84]

Sukhdev Sandhu of The Daily Telegraph was generally negative about the film, stating, "The Human Centipede has its moments, but they're largely obscured by umpteen holes in the plot as well as by reams of exposition," [85] and that it was "an ultimately underwhelming affair that's neither sick or [ ⁠sic ⁠] repellent enough to garner the cult status it so craves." [85] The New York Times review by Jeannette Catsouli noted that whether the film was "a commentary on Nazi atrocities or a literal expression of filmmaking politics, the grotesque fusion at least silences the female leads, both of whose voices could strip paint." [86] Writing in the Chicago Sun Times, Roger Ebert did not assign the film a star rating (not to be confused with awarding it zero stars), stating, "I am required to award stars to movies I review. This time, I refuse to do it. The star rating system is unsuited to this film. Is the movie good? Is it bad? Does it matter? It is what it is and occupies a world where the stars don't shine." [19]

Critics and a doctor have dismissed Six's claim that the film was "100 percent medically accurate" as "ludicrous" [55] and "rubbish". [87] Dr John Cameron, speaking to TV3 News in New Zealand, gave an interview about the feasibility of a human centipede, stating how he believed it would be difficult for a join between different people to heal and form a connection, and how the centipede would quickly die from lack of nutrition. [88] John Martin, a former Hollywood film executive and CEO of Alamo Drafthouse Cinemas, said Six's claims of 100 percent medical accuracy should be viewed with reference to the kind of shock gimmicks that film producers had long used to attract attention. Martin compared Six's claims to those of Kroger Babb and William Castle, who had also made "grand promises" about what they were putting on screen, in a bid to lure audiences. [55]

Accolades Edit

Despite mixed reviews, the film won several awards in 2009 during advance screenings at various international horror film festivals, including Best Picture/Movie at Fantastic Fest (Austin, Texas), Screamfest Horror Film Festival (Los Angeles), and the Sainte Maxime International Horror Film Festival. [6] Laser won Best Actor in the horror category at Fantastic Fest and the film won the award for Best Ensemble Cast at the South African Horrorfest Film Festival. [6]

When Tom Six began creating the Human Centipede sequels, he envisioned a trilogy that works as a "movie centipede". Each sequel opens with the ending of the previous film, as the events of that film influence said sequel. Although every film works as a standalone movie, they can all be connected to form a single 4.5-hour-long film. [89] [90]

While promoting The Human Centipede, Six stated that he had started work on a sequel to First Sequence, titled The Human Centipede 2 (Full Sequence). Shooting on a similar budget to the first film, [91] Six stated the sequel would be a much more graphic, disturbing and even "shittier" film First Sequence being "My Little Pony compared with part two." [92] Yennie stated at the May 2010 Weekend of Horrors that the sequel would contain "the blood and shit" [93] that viewers did not see in the first film. [93] The plot of Full Sequence involved a centipede made from twelve people, featured a largely British cast, and was given the tag-line "100% medically inaccurate". [94]

The plot of Full Sequence involves a man who, after becoming sexually obsessed with a DVD recording of First Sequence, decides to create his own human centipede. The film had been planned for a DVD release in the United Kingdom. However, upon submitting the film to the BBFC for classification, the film was rejected due to content that was "sexually violent and potentially obscene". [95] The BBFC's report criticised the film as making "little attempt to portray any of the victims in the film as anything other than objects to be brutalised, degraded and mutilated for the amusement and arousal of the central character, as well as for the pleasure of the audience," [96] and that the film was potentially in breach of the Obscene Publications Act, meaning its distribution in the UK would be illegal. [96] Bounty Films, the UK distributor, appealed the decision, and the film was eventually passed with an 18 certificate in October 2011. To achieve the 18 rating, thirty-two cuts were made from the film, removing two minutes and thirty-seven seconds from the original version. [97]

The third and final film in the trilogy, The Human Centipede 3 (Final Sequence), received a limited theatrical release on 22 May 2015. The film features the largest human centipede in the series, composed of five hundred victims, [98] as Six says, "each film is a reaction to the other. And the film got so big, it was a pop culture phenomenon, and people wanted more: a bigger centipede, helicopters and things… it had to be bigger and bigger. And what I did, I used the idea and almost made a parody on the human centipede films itself." [90] As Full Sequence was intended to make First Sequence look like My Little Pony in comparison, Final Sequence was intended to make Full Sequence resemble a Disney film. [99] The movie features the tag-line "100% Politically Incorrect". Both Dieter Laser and Full Sequence star Laurence R. Harvey returned in starring, albeit different, roles. [100]

The Human Centipede (Final Sequence) was nominated for two Golden Raspberry Awards in the categories of "Worst Director" and "Worst Prequel, Remake, Rip-Off, or Sequel", respectively. [101] [102] It was also named the second worst movie of 2015 by Entertainment Weekly and The A.V. Club. [103] [104] In 2016, a compilation film of the entire trilogy titled The Human Centipede (Complete Sequence): The Movie Centipede was released, running a total of 275 minutes. [105] [106]

A number of parodies of the film have been made. A pornographic parody, directed by Lee Roy Myers and titled The Human Sexipede, was released in September 2010. [107] It starred Tom Byron as Heiter, who joined three people mouth-to-genitals. [107] The South Park episode "HUMANCENTiPAD" saw character Kyle Broflovski unwittingly agreeing to become a part of a "Human CENTiPAD" after failing to read the full details of an Apple user license agreement. [108] The website Funny or Die featured a sketch where the freed victims of a human centipede, now separated, but scarred physically and mentally, argue at a survivors' meeting. [109] The Human Centipede 3 (Final Sequence) actress Bree Olson starred in a parody of the franchise that was directed by Graham Rich. [110]

In January 2016, Tom Six revealed on Twitter that production of a graphic novel adaptation of The Human Centipede was underway, along with posting an image of a test printed copy. [111] [112] It was also stated the graphic novel was going to be available in English, Spanish, German, French, and Japanese upon release but Six implied it would be translated into other languages later. [113] The release for the graphic novel was stated to be in 2017, but it wasn't released that year. [114]

On 27 March 2018, Six again posted on Twitter that the graphic novel was ready, and he is seeking a distributor for it. [115] Later in May 2019, in an interview with Bloody Disgusting, Six said that the graphic novel, along with a behind-the-scenes book of the first film, is set to be released on the 10th anniversary of the series, which he reiterated on Twitter. [116] [117] As of 21 September 2019, it is yet to be released.

The story of the graphic novel will feature the events of the first film but it will display things that occurred before, and an epilogue that will shed light on the fate of the character Lindsay. [118]

Although Tom Six openly stated he viewed The Human Centipede as a trilogy, he told Bloody Disgusting in an interview that if he had to make a fourth installment he did have some ideas. Six said, "If I had to make a fourth one, which I might do in 20 years from now, who knows, it will be about connecting all starving Africans on the African continent done by a charity organization, to solve the hunger problem. Or about aliens connecting the whole human race!" [119]

Tom Six later revealed that he had written a script for a potential spin-off film titled The Human Caterpillar, a reference to a scene from The Human Centipede 3 (Final Sequence) where sewed prison inmates had their limbs amputated so they resemble a caterpillar. Furthermore, Six stated that the concept of The Human Centipede would appear in future projects in some form. [120] [121]

Just FYI, if you find a caterpillar crawling on anything other than its host plant -- your house, the driveway, the sidewalk, etc. -- chances are good that it is in ,what I call "the wandering stage." Most caterpillars do this just before pupating. (They are otherwise fairly sedentary creatures.) They will suddenly become very active and, if you have them at home, they will make trip after trip around the inside of their enclosure. Once they have started this behavior, they will usually pupate within 24-48 hours.

They need a safe place where they can hang upside-down. They will assume what I call the "prayer position," which looks like this:

Does anyone know what kind of caterpillar this is? - Biology

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    “What the caterpillar calls the end, the rest of the world calls a butterfly.”

    The only creature (that we can catch), so far, that I have had to say no to Evan holding due to the potential rash or irritation it can cause.

    Early stage Drinker Moth caterpillar.Fully grown caterpillars are up to 7cm in length. They are dark grey with golden speckling and have brown hair tufts along the body.

    Black swallowtail caterpillar. This caterpillar absorbs toxins from the host plants, and therefore tastes poor to bird predators.

    Caterpillars /ˈkætərˌpɪlər/ are the larval stagee of members of the order Lepidoptera (the insect order comprising butterflies and moths).

    Cinnabar Moth Caterpillar - Tyria Jacobaeae

    "The cinnabar moth was named after this association, its scientific name, Tyria jacobaeae, derived partly from the scientific name for common ragwort, Senecio jacobaea.

    The cinnabar moth lays its eggs in large batches, of up to 150, on the lower leaves of ragwort and when the caterpillars emerge (June to August) they eat their way up the plant. In their early stages the caterpillars are prone to attack from many insects but as they progress they store poison from their host plant in their bodies making them unpalatable to birds and they advertise this fact with bold orange and black stripes."

    ‘Godzilla’ Wasp Swims—So Its Young Can Burst Out of Caterpillars

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    To revist this article, visit My Profile, then View saved stories.

    Thank you for joining us for this brief bit of election counterprogramming that may or may not make you feel better, depending on how you feel about parasitic wasps. Because, sure, we’re all stressed the hell out, but at least a wasp hasn’t injected you with an egg that hatches into a larva that feeds on your nutrients before erupting out of your body.

    But let me back up. The caterpillar stage of the aquatic moth Elophila turbata lives in the freshwater ecosystems of Africa and Asia. It’s a waste-not-want-not kind of critter, feeding on vegetation floating at the surface and using the material to build a case as a protective home. It situates its case amidst the vegetation, just below the waterline. There it lives a peaceful life, munching along, growing bigger, making bigger cases every so often, not worrying about elections.

    Then a female Microgaster godzilla comes along. That scientific name is not a mistranslation or a weird bit of Latin, but a very intentional honorific that researchers bestowed upon a species of parasitoid (meaning a parasite that kills its host) wasp in a new paper in the Journal of Hymenoptera Research. The Godzilla of pop culture emerges from the sea to make life miserable for humans, and this wasp does the same for moth caterpillars. Also, Godzilla once fought Mothra, and Microgaster godzilla menaces the caterpillars of aquatic moths.

    “I'm guilty of naming many species with funny names,” says the study’s lead author, Jose Fernandez-Triana of the Canadian National Collection of Insects. “In the past, I named one Keylimepie. And I have named a wasp genus Toblerone after the Toblerone chocolate bar. I named one after Crocodile Dundee,” an Australian species, of course. “We have some fun, and why not?” he asks.

    Crocodile Dundee ain’t got nothing on our Godzilla wasp, though. To watch it in action, the researchers collected aquatic caterpillars from ponds in Japan and reared the wasps that emerged. They then set each wasp loose in an aquarium in the lab with 20 more caterpillars, and recorded the ensuing chaos with a video camera.

    The footage, above, puts any Godzilla film to shame for lack of inventiveness. The wasp strolls along the vegetation that Elophila turbata frequents, searching for an aquatic caterpillar in its case. When the parasitoid finds one, it taps the case with its antennae and dives down to pull it out of the protective shell. Fleeing for its life, the caterpillar surfaces into the vegetation above its home, only for the wasp to emerge from the water, Godzilla-style. The wasp grabs hold of the caterpillar and drives its ovipositor into the squishy body, injecting a single egg.

    Unfortunately for the caterpillar, that egg soon hatches into a larva, which feeds on its insides. Exactly what it’s eating at the beginning, Fernandez-Triana can’t yet say. It may be fluids, it may be tissues that are not essential for the caterpillar’s survival. “The reason for that is to allow the caterpillar to accumulate enough nutrients,” Fernandez-Triana says. That is, the parasite wants to keep its host alive to ensure a steady stream of fresh food. “These wasps, they start eating fat tissue, but they don't touch the major organs,” he continues. “So the caterpillar is parasitized—I'm sure it's not feeling well at all—but it continues to live.”

    Does anyone know what kind of caterpillar this is? - Biology

    The parasite is a protozoan, with the Latin name of Ophryocystis elektroscirrha. It was first described over 20 years ago, but only began receiving a great deal of attention in the last several years. The parasite begins its life cycle as an inactive spore which needs to be eaten by a larva. It multiplies within the larva, and during the last few days of the pupal stage produces new spores that are on butterfly's scales when it emerges. It is then transferred to the surface of the egg or milkweed during oviposition, and begins a new cycle when it is eaten by the emerging larva. We have shown that the spores can be transferred from an infected male to a healthy female during mating, and that this female can transfer them to her offspring. Spores can also be transferred passively, when an infected butterfly is held in a cage with healthy butterflies (and probably also in the dense overwintering clusters in California and Mexico), although we have not yet learned whether this means of spore transfer results in infected offspring from an otherwise healthy female.

    You may have experienced this parasite. If you have noticed pupae with dark gray blotches on them just before you see the butterfly through the pupa covering, or if some of your butterflies fail to emerge completely and seem stuck within the pupa, it is probably because they are infected. This is more likely to happen if you rear more than one generation using the offspring from one generation as parents of the next, or if you use the same cages for several generations. However, these symptoms only appear with very high levels of infection, and your pupae and adults can appear perfectly normal and still be heavily infected.

    What should be done? We have worked out a way to control this parasite that we hope will not be too difficult. Our method requires cleaning up your rearing operation we have not yet found a way to "cure" a larva once it has eaten the spores, although at the University of Kansas we are continuing to look for such a solution using drugs that have been shown to work on related organisms. We have had limited success with attempts to surface-decontaminate eggs once they have been laid, although this does lower the incidence of the disease. Thus, the only way to solve the problem, and to prevent more releases of contaminated butterflies, is to make sure that the larvae you rear are never exposed to the parasite. There are four steps you will need to take:

    1. Clean all of your rearing cages and other equipment. It is difficult to clean wooden cages unless you have access to an autoclave. At Minnesota, we use wood and screen cages to rear larvae, and have successfully decontaminated them in an autoclave. If you use plastic cages, they can be decontaminated by soaking them in a 10% bleach solution (approximately 10 ml Chlorox bleach to 100 ml water) or 100% ethanol for at least 15 minutes, then rinsed well. Use the bleach solution to soak any tools that you use to transfer larvae, rinsing them after they are soaked. Wipe down countertops and other surfaces with the bleach solution in areas in which you have reared larvae or kept butterflies. The spores survive long periods of time (over a year), and can also survive freezing temperatures, so equipment that you used last year or left outside over the winter will still be able to infect larvae.

    2. Check all females you use to produce eggs to make sure that they are not contaminated with spores. This is especially important if they have been reared in captivity, but wild females should also be checked. To look for spores, you will need a tweezers or forceps, clear scotch tape (not the "magic", slightly foggy kind), microscope slides, and access to a microscope. Your local high school, veterinary clinic, or the biology department of a university or college might have microscopes that you could use.

    a. Cut a small piece of tape, handling it with the tweezers so your fingerprints aren't on it.

    b. Hold the butterfly's wings in your left hand (if you're right-handed) so that the abdomen is exposed. Holding the tape with tweezers in your right hand, carefully use it to rub off a patch of scales from the end of the butterfly's abdomen. If you are doing several butterflies, wash your hands and sterilize the tweezers often. Put the tape, sticky side down, on the microscope slide. You can put 3 or 4 pieces of tape on the same slide. Write identifying numbers next to the tape pieces so that you'll know which results go with which butterfly.

    c. Scan the entire piece of tape for spores under 100-200x magnification. These are amber colored, and are much smaller than scales (see attached photograph). They are football-shaped, and have a very regular, or constant, appearance. With practice you can detect the spores under a dissecting scope, but we recommend using a compound microscope when you are first learning to recognize the spores. A badly infected individual will have thousands of spores, but often there will be only a few. They often occur in clumps of several spores between the scales, and sometimes they are on the surface of the scales.

    d. If you see any spores, kill the infected butterfly and dispose of it. This can be done by quickly cutting off its head, or putting it in an envelope and freezing it.

    e. If you do not have access to a microscope or microscope slides, we will provide slides and check them for spores. Please contact Karen Oberhauser (address below) if you would like this help.

    3. If your females have no spores, they can be used to obtain eggs. If you mate them, check the males too.

    4. You should go through an entire generation before disseminating any larvae or pupae to people that might release them. This step is important if you have used your present equipment, or even rearing space, before, especially if you have experienced the symptoms described above. Since it is impossible to tell if a larva or pupa is infected without dissecting it, you should rear all of this generation to adulthood, and check the butterflies as soon as they can be handled. If fewer than 5 out of every 100 adults are infected, it should be safe to distribute larvae and pupae from the next generation. Be sure, however, to continue to follow steps 1 through 3. Infected butterflies should all be killed.

    It took us two generations to completely get rid of the disease. In Minnesota, we are continuing to study the disease, and purposely inoculate some eggs with spores so that we can learn more about how it is transmitted. Even though this requires that there are some spores around, by being very careful to keep infected stock away (this means in a different room) from healthy stock and sterilizing all equipment, we have experienced no infected individuals in uninoculated stock for two generations. We continue to check every butterfly that emerges for spores, however.

    We realize that this might seem burdensome, especially if you sell Monarchs. It is also hard, and seems cruel, to kill butterflies that look perfectly healthy. We do not see an alternative, however, and believe that all of us share a common interest and responsibility to preserve the health of this amazing organism.

    Think Your Sex Life Is Bad? These Worms Harpoon Each Other With Their Penises

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    You see, when two flatworms love each other very much, they try to stab each other with their pointy penises. Leslie Newman & Andrew Flowers/Science Source

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    Men think they've got it rough finding love. Oh, bars are the wooorst place to meet women. And the drinks are sooo expensive. But in the animal kingdom, the males got it easy. The true burden lies with the female, who expends enormous energy producing eggs and, in the case of mammals, bearing and looking after the young. But what if you’re a hermaphrodite, like some species of marine flatworms? Who’s going to bear the maternal burden there?

    Whoever loses the bout of penis fencing, that’s who. In coral reefs, certain species of flatworm do battle with their members.

    It starts off innocently enough. Two often brilliantly colored flatworms approach each other and nuzzle a bit. But before long the calm departs, as each rears up and exposes its weapons: the two sharp white stylets that are its penises. Like human fencers, each flatworm will juke and stab, simultaneously trying to inject its partner with sperm anywhere on its body while doing its best to avoid getting inseminated itself. And this can go on for as long as an hour until the two retract their double penises, lower themselves, and go their separate ways. When the struggle is over, both can end up pockmarked with white stab wounds filled with sperm, and you can see pale streaks running along their bodies, branching rivers of semen on their way to fertilize the eggs.

    Now, you might be asking why. Why evolve violent “traumatic insemination,” or more specifically and hilariously, “intradermal hypodermic insemination”? The problem is that the two flatworms have the same interest: Neither wants to be the female (I know that sounds sexist, but bear with me here). Developing those eggs is a tremendous energy suck, not to mention that the loser is deeply wounded on top of being knocked up. The winner gets to pass down its genes without taking the trouble of raising the young.

    But here’s the weirdest part. Natural selection dictates that if the tapeworm’s going to get stabbed, it’s in its best interest to get stabbed a whole lot. The most accomplished fencers are the ones who will have the most reproductive success, and their genes are what other flatworms want to pass down to their offspring, who will in turn be more likely to become skillful combatants and fertilizers. It’s one of nature’s cruelest ironies: The flatworm doesn’t want to be stabbed with a penis and inseminated, but if it must, it may as well get stabbed with a penis and inseminated thoroughly.

    Things get even weirder with another type of flatworm, this one a transparent, microscopic species. It, like our beautiful seafloor variety of flatworm, mates by injecting its partner with sperm. But it seems that the tiny flatworm can really feel the pangs of loneliness: If there aren’t any partners around, it uses its stylet to stab itself . in the head, a maneuver known as selfing. The stylet is at the tail, while the head is of course at the other end, so with a dexterous bend the flatworm can jab itself right in the noodle. The sperm then makes its way down the body to fertilize the eggs. So in a pinch, the flatworm can reproduce all on its own. The researchers who discovered the behavior cautiously referred to it as hypodermic insemination, not traumatic insemination (as in the aforementioned fencers), because they weren’t sure if the creature seriously injures itself with the stab to the head. Not even kidding here.

    Now, flatworms aren’t the only creatures out there engaging in such shenanigans. Far from it. In case you needed another reason to fear/despise/be grossed out by bedbugs, they’re reproducing by traumatic insemination in our sheets. A male will puncture a female’s exoskeleton with his genitalia and pump his sperm into her body cavity—no trifling matter when bedbugs rely on their tough shells to protect them from the elements. Indeed, female bedbugs have evolved an immune response: proteins that erode the cell walls of bacteria, helping them ward off infection.

    Such is the push and pull in the battle of the sexes. As one side evolves an attack, the other evolves a defense, nature creating problems and then solving them. The issue comes down to the meaning of life: reproduce at all costs. This can put the sexes in conflict with each other—or, in the case of the tapeworm, the single hermaphroditic sex in conflict with others of the single hermaphroditic sex—particularly when females need to maintain some measure of control over who they mate with to ensure they’re picking the best genes. And perhaps nowhere is this kind of sexual conflict more dramatic than among ducks, whose males are notoriously forceful with their mating. Females have evolved a vagina that corkscrews to try to keep out the male’s penis, which corkscrews in the opposite direction (and can grow up to fifteen inches long). Some duck vaginas even have pockets that branch off into dead ends, frustrating the male’s efforts.

    The idea that animals can be choosy about their mates, and that such choosiness will drive the evolution of certain characteristics, was one of Charles Darwin’s more brilliant realizations. Known as sexual selection, it drew ridicule in Victorian England, a patriarchal society that found the notion of female choice laughable, to say the least, especially when it came to sex. A notable dissenter, though, was none other than Alfred Russel “So What If It’s Only One ‘L’” Wallace, the phenom naturalist who had simultaneously developed the theory of natural selection on his own. (Charles Darwin scrambled to publish On the Origin of Species after receiving a letter from Wallace, an acquaintance who would later become a good friend, pontificating on his ideas. But that was only after colleagues presented the ideas of both men to the Linnean Society of London.) Wallace didn’t think animals had the brainpower to make these choices, except when it came to the ladies of our own species. He wrote that “when women are economically and socially free to choose, numbers of the worst men among all classes who now readily obtain wives will be almost universally rejected,” thus improving the species. Emphasis his own.

    Gotta love that feminist optimism, however wrong he may have been about sexual selection. (To be clear, Wallace was brilliant, so perhaps this isn’t the greatest way to introduce him, and for that I apologize. But we’re all wrong sometimes, and indeed being wrong is fine in science, for it invites others to discover the truth.) Females in the animal kingdom can in fact wield great power when it comes to sex.

    So, sure, we human men may not always have the greatest ideas, but at least we’re not penis-fencing. It’s the little things that count, really.

    From THE WASP THAT BRAINWASHED THE CATERPILLAR by Matt Simon, on sale October 25, 2016. Reprinted by permission from PENGUIN BOOKS, an imprint of Penguin Random House LLC. Copyright © 2016 by Matthew Simon

    Watch the video: Roy Dahan - Does anyone know - רועי דהן (January 2023).