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What is the scientific name of this parrot?

What is the scientific name of this parrot?


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I found this parrot at Nehru Zoological Park which is located in Hyderabad city of India.It's head to tail length is between 30cm-35cm.Can anybody tell me the scientific name of this parrot?


Looks like a male plum-headed parakeet (Psittacula cyanocephala)

wiki: the plum-headed parakeet


Taxonomy (biology)

In biology, taxonomy (from Ancient Greek τάξις (taxis) 'arrangement', and -νομία (-nomia) 'method') is the scientific study of naming, defining (circumscribing) and classifying groups of biological organisms based on shared characteristics. Organisms are grouped into taxa (singular: taxon) and these groups are given a taxonomic rank groups of a given rank can be aggregated to form a more inclusive group of higher rank, thus creating a taxonomic hierarchy. The principal ranks in modern use are domain, kingdom, phylum (division is sometimes used in botany in place of phylum), class, order, family, genus, and species. The Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus is regarded as the founder of the current system of taxonomy, as he developed a ranked system known as Linnaean taxonomy for categorizing organisms and binominal nomenclature for naming organisms.

With advances in the theory, data and analytical technology of biological systematics, the Linnaean system has transformed into a system of modern biological classification intended to reflect the evolutionary relationships among organisms, both living and extinct.


The Best Strategy To Use For Animal Classification: Birds Children’s Book By Erica Donner …

In categorizing birds, a lot of systematists have actually historically relied upon structural qualities to infer evolutionary partnerships. bird scientific name. Plumage features include the number of different plume kinds the presence or lack of down on the feather tracts and also on the preen gland and the presence or lack of an aftershaft. Qualities of the costs and fees are also useful, as is the setup of bones in the palate as well as around the nostrils. bird classification.

Advancements in the study of DNA series and digital construction of phylogenetic trees have actually supplied new ways of screening theories of taxonomic connections. It has actually frequently been mentioned that birds are one of the ideal knowns animal teams. This is real in the sense that the majority of the living varieties, as well as subspecies on the planet, have most likely been explained yet as a result of insufficiencies in the fossil document as well as repeated situations of convergent evolution within the team, our understanding of the phylogenetic partnerships in between orders, suborders, and households of birds is inferior to that of animals as well as reptiles – what are birds.

DNA data remain to solve the connections amongst major teams of birds. The penguins (Sphenisciformes), tube-nosed seabirds (Procellariiformes), as well as pelicans (Pelecaniformes), create a triad of relevant lineages (bird classification). Waterfowl (Anseriformes) and also chickenlike birds (Galliformes) are linked and also with each other might be the oldest assemblage of contemporary birds. Some caprimulgiforms (owlet frogmouths) appear plainly associated with swifts (Apodiformes) via a web link in between owlet frogmouths and also treeswifts.

The hoatzin included listed below in the Cuculiformes, is usually provided its own order, Opisthocomiformes. The sandgrouse is detailed independently in order Pteroclidiformes. The turacos, in some cases included in the Cuculiformes, are considered by many authors to call for separation and are detailed below as Musophagiformes. and several related categories of extinct flightless predators are typically placed in a distinctive order, Diatrymiformes, near Gruiformes.


The Scientific Method

"We also discovered that science is cool and fun because you get to do stuff that no one has ever done before." In the article Blackawton bees, published by eight to ten year old students: Biology Letters (2010) http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/early/2010/12/18/rsbl.2010.1056.abstract.

There are basic methods of gaining knowledge that are common to all of science. At the heart of science is the scientific investigation, which is done by following the scientific method. A scientific investigation is a plan for asking questions and testing possible answers. It generally follows the steps listed in Figure below. See http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KZaCy5Z87FA for an overview of the scientific method.

Steps of a Scientific Investigation. A scientific investigation typically has these steps. Scientists often develop their own steps they follow in a scientific investigation. Shown here is a simplification of how a scientific investigation is done.

Making Observations

A scientific investigation typically begins with observations. You make observations all the time. Let&rsquos say you take a walk in the woods and observe a moth, like the one in Figure below, resting on a tree trunk. You notice that the moth has spots on its wings that look like eyes. You think the eye spots make the moth look like the face of an owl.



Figure 2: Marbled emperor moth Heniocha dyops in Botswana. (CC-SA-BY-4.0 Charlesjsharp).

Does this moth remind you of an owl?

Asking a Question

Observations often lead to questions. For example, you might ask yourself why the moth has eye spots that make it look like an owl&rsquos face. What reason might there be for this observation?

Forming a Hypothesis

The next step in a scientific investigation is forming a hypothesis. A hypothesis is a possible answer to a scientific question, but it isn&rsquot just any answer. A hypothesis must be based on scientific knowledge, and it must be logical. A hypothesis also must be falsifiable. In other words, it must be possible to make observations that would disprove the hypothesis if it really is false. Assume you know that some birds eat moths and that owls prey on other birds. From this knowledge, you reason that eye spots scare away birds that might eat the moth. This is your hypothesis.

Testing the Hypothesis

To test a hypothesis, you first need to make a prediction based on the hypothesis. A prediction is a statement that tells what will happen under certain conditions. It can be expressed in the form: If A occurs, then B will happen. Based on your hypothesis, you might make this prediction: If a moth has eye spots on its wings, then birds will avoid eating it.

Next, you must gather evidence to test your prediction. Evidence is any type of data that may either agree or disagree with a prediction, so it may either support or disprove a hypothesis. Evidence may be gathered by an experiment. Assume that you gather evidence by making more observations of moths with eye spots. Perhaps you observe that birds really do avoid eating moths with eye spots. This evidence agrees with your prediction.

Drawing Conclusions

Evidence that agrees with your prediction supports your hypothesis. Does such evidence prove that your hypothesis is true? No a hypothesis cannot be proven conclusively to be true. This is because you can never examine all of the possible evidence, and someday evidence might be found that disproves the hypothesis. Nonetheless, the more evidence that supports a hypothesis, the more likely the hypothesis is to be true.

Communicating Results

The last step in a scientific investigation is communicating what you have learned with others. This is a very important step because it allows others to test your hypothesis. If other researchers get the same results as yours, they add support to the hypothesis. However, if they get different results, they may disprove the hypothesis.

When scientists share their results, they should describe their methods and point out any possible problems with the investigation. For example, while you were observing moths, perhaps your presence scared birds away. This introduces an error into your investigation. You got the results you predicted (the birds avoided the moths while you were observing them), but not for the reason you hypothesized. Other researchers might be able to think of ways to avoid this error in future studies.


Animal Diversity Web

Every recognized species on earth (at least in theory) is given a two-part scientific name. This system is called "binomial nomenclature." These names are important because they allow people throughout the world to communicate unambiguously about animal species. This works because there are sets of international rules about how to name animals and zoologists try to avoid naming the same thing more than once, though this does sometimes happen. These naming rules mean that every scientific name is unique. For example, if bluegill sunfish are given the scientific name Lepomis macrochirus, no other animal species can be given the same name. So, if you are a Russian scientist studying relatives of sunfish and you want to discuss bluegill sunfish with a Canadian researcher, you both use the scientific name and know exactly what the other is talking about.

Scientific names are also designed to tell you something about the animal's relationships with other animals. The scientific name of each species is made up of a generic name (generic epithet) and a specific name (specific epithet). In our bluegill sunfish example the generic epithet is Lepomis and the specific epithet is macrochirus. The generic epithet is the name of the genus (singular of genera) to which bluegill sunfish belong, the genus Lepomis. Some genera contain only one species but most genera are made up of many species. There are other species of sunfish in the genus Lepomis, examples are Lepomis cyanellus (green sunfish), Lepomis megalotis (longear sunfish), and Lepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed sunfish). Notice that all of these species share the same generic epithet, this indicates that they are all thought to be more closely related to each other than to any other species of fish. The genus is the first level of taxonomic organization, in a way, because all species that are thought to be most closely related, are placed together in a genus.

Scientific names are often descriptive also, suggesting something about the animal. For instance, longear sunfishes have long and conspicuous operculum flaps (a hardened structure extending from the gill flap), making them look like they have long ears. The specific name, megalotis, means "big ears." Another example is yellow-headed blackbirds, whose scientific name is Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus, which literally means "yellow-headed, yellow head." Scientific names also sometimes bear the names of people who were instrumental in discovering or describing the species. Myotis keenii, "Keen's mouse-eared bat," is named after a gentleman named Keen (Myotis means "mouse-eared"). They may also contain references to regions where the species are found, such as southern right whales, Eubalaena australis, which translates to "southern true-baleen." Finally, some scientific names reflect the common names given to these animals by native peoples, such as Oncifelis guigna, a small, South American cat species called guigna by people of Chile and Argentina.

Common names can be misleading

Unlike scientific names, common names are not unique. As a result, common name usage can lead to confusion about what animal is being referred to and what their relationships are to other animals. An example are "badgers." There are various animals worldwide that are superficially similar, honey badgers (Mellivora capensis), North American badgers (Taxidea taxus), Eurasian badgers (Meles meles), stink badgers (Mydaus javanensis), and ferret badgers (Melogale personata). Although they are all called "badgers" and they are all members of the same mammalian family, they are not each other's closest relatives.

There are many examples of confusing and redundant common names, just remember that you can't rely on the common name to tell you anything about the animal's evolutionary history.

Scientific names are sometimes changed

Taxonomy, the science and process of naming living organisms, is a field that is constantly changing. When our scientific understanding of animal species and their relationships changes, it may mean that scientific names change as well. For example, all small cat species were once included in the genus Felis. They have since been split into multiple genera in order to better represent important evolutionary differences among them. Bobcats were once known by the scientific name, Felis rufus, this name has since been changed to Lynx rufus. Unfortunately, older scientific literature on bobcats will still be found under Felis rufus and some sources may not recognize the name change right away.

Some species have come to be known by multiple scientific names. In such cases one name is chosen for the species and the other names are referred to as "synonyms" of the species name. For example, all bats in the genus Lasiurus were once also known by the generic name Nycteris. So Lasiurus borealis would have also been known as Nycteris borealis. The valid, currently recognized name is Lasiurus borealis and Nycteris borealis is considered a synonym.

If you cannot find information for a particular scientific name try searching the taxonomy databases we use, to be sure that the species isn't known by a different name.


Writing Scientific Names of Animals

When writing, we use both the scientific name and the “common” name on the first mention. We then choose which to use throughout and make it consistent.

In subsequent references, we can use either the common or scientific name. If we use the scientific name, we need only to use the first letter of the genus followed by a period and the specific epithet. For example:

  • In North America, the gray wolf was nearly hunted to extinction.
  • In North America, C. lupus was nearly hunted to extinction.

It is also common to refer to several species under one genus when you want to point out some similar characteristics within a genus. For example:

You could also write this same information another way as follows:

In this case, “spp.” is an abbreviation for “several species” (“sp” is the designation for one species) in the genus. Either of the above is acceptable. If you are focusing on a few species in particular, you would refer to the species name of each one.

You might also see a scientific name followed by an initial or abbreviation. This would denote the person who discovered or named the species. For example, in Amaranthus retroflexus L., the L (not italicized) refers to the original name given by Linnaeus.


Bird Names

Bird groups are organized by scientific classification, based upon their anatomical structure, geographic distribution, behavior, blood proteins, and a variety of other characteristics. Most recently, and probably most accurately, DNA hybridization has determined the relationships and supposed evolutionary history of all the bird groups of the world and most of the species. Learn more below and see Lectures by the Ornithologist
for more detailed information.

Birds, Class Aves, are arranged into groups called Orders (ending in-iformes) these are such groups as the ducks and geese, loons, hawks and eagles, hummingbirds, kingfishers and rollers, herons and egrets, and penguins. The largest group, Passeriformes, is the songbirds. In each order are Families, ending in -idae. In Gruiformes, the Cranes are in Gruidae and Rails in Rallidae. Finally, birds have scientific names, the genus and species, such as Cathartes aura(Turkey Vulture) and the American Robin, Turdus migratorius.

What’s in a Name?

The Red-bellied Woodpecker does not have a red belly and some call those lovely goldfinches wild canaries and house finches linnets. The European Buzzard is similar to the North American Red-tailed Hawk, so you could potentially see the same kind of bird at one place as another. Blue birds are not necessarily bluebirds and black birds are not necessarily blackbirds. Not to mention there’s the issue of different languages, as how a bird is named in America could be different from how it is named in France. All birds have a scientific name (actually two names) derived primarily from the Latin or Greek.
Anas platyrhynchos is the scientific name for the Mallard . Anas, the “genus” is Latin for duck, and indicates that the Mallard is related to other ducks such as the Pintail, Gadwall, and Black Duck. The species name, platyrhynchos, is Greek for flat bill, referring to the typical ducklike bill. See my book, Latin for Bird Lovers, just out in 2014.

(The species name for the Pintail is acuta, referring to the “acute” or pointed tail.) So the genus Anas, being the same for both species, tells us these ducks are related but distinct species with distinct species names. Note that the genus and species are always in italics and that species is both singular and plural. The American Ornithologist’s Union has created a standardized checklist of the common English names of American birds and the International Ornithologists Union IOC Bird List has standardized English names for all birds of the world. But scientists continue to use scientific names in order to avoid any confusion, to better show avian relationships, and to communicate with colleagues across the world whose common names are in their native languages.

Both the AOU and IOC recommend that the proper English names of birds be capitalized. So one would write Black-capped Chickadee or Oak Titmouse, but refer to a chickadee or a titmouse in lowercase. That’s not a rule, but the guideline is followed in almost all ornithological journals and most books, including field guides.

Luckily for birdwatchers, we have official common English names, easier to pronounce and spell. No other group of organisms can say the same. So when you make a check mark next to a bird name, consider what it might mean. A little research into bird names can open up a whole new way of looking at our feathered friends.

Bird Names Translation
List of Birds by Common Name
Group Names for Birds Historical Patterns of Avian Taxonomy
Obsolete Names for Birds of North America
International Ornithological Committee World Bird List
List of Birds by Common Names
Names of Animal Congregations
Recent Bird Name Changes
Recent Taxonomic Changes
Sibley and Monroe Checklist
Taxonomic Listing of Birds of the World

The Ornithologist’s book, Latin for Bird Lovers , published by Timber Press explains why birds received the Latin names they did and what these names mean.

Have you ever wondered why a bird might be called a thrush, wren, tit, hawk, tanager or owl?

How about “grackle?” This name is from the Latin graculus, originally referring to the European Jackdaw and later to the similar looking grackle. Magpies have that moniker because, many years ago, the name “Margaret “or “Meg” was applied to a chattering old woman gossip and the name morphed into “mag.” The “pie” part comes from piebald, meaning patched, referring to the white patches on the birds. The Bald Eagle was originally the piebald eagle because of its white patches.

And the “robin”? The Latin (rubus), French (redond), Dutch (robintje), and other languages referred to the orange-breasted European bird, and later to the American version. “Cormorant” came from the Old French cormarenc (aquatic bird). The familiar Mallard name appears to have been derived from the Old English word “malart” or perhaps Medieval Latin’s “mallardus”, originally meaning the male of any wild duck. The derivation of many common bird names are based upon such things as size, shape, behavior, color, pattern, home range , where the bird was first collected, the honoring of some person , or after part of its scientific name. Romans referred to small greenish birds as vireos, after the Latin word for green, viridis, and the name stuck for some species.

Colloquial names may confuse things some people call House Finches linnets, and Ospreys fish hawks. Across the ocean, Americans referring to cormorants might be confused by Europeans calling them shags and one of their most common hawks buzzards, the name Americans use to refer to vultures.

Tempering all this confusion in the U.S. is the seventh edition of the American Ornithologist’s Union (AOU) Checklist of North American Birds which first came out in 1886 and lists the official common names of all North American birds. Better yet, in 2006 the International Ornithological Committee (IOC) established a World Bird List that lists accepted common English names for all 10,612 species of living birds and 153 species of extinct ones. This standardization of common English names makes the reporting of sightings and the tracking of bird species populations much more reliable.

It is fortunate that we have official common English names for birds across the world, but not everyone speaks English and the rather odd and often nebulous derivation of common names make them useless for studying the relationships of bird species. One can only imagine the confusion if birds were identified only by their common names in various languages. Across the northern hemisphere the Mallard is called a Canard, Stokente, Wilde EEnd, Germano, Stokkand, Ma-gamo, and Pato-real. So in the world of biology, there is one scientific name for each organism. This two part name gives each organism a definitive label and describes the relationship of that organism to every other one. Scientific names consist of a genus (like Anas) and species (like platyrhynchos). The Mallard’s scientific name, Anas platyrhynchos, tells us that Anas acuta, the Northern Pintail, is a close relative but Cyanocitta cristata , the Blue Jay, is not. Note that the genus always capitalized and the species always lower case. Both are always underlined or italicized. (The word “species” is both singular and plural “specie” is not a biological term.)

Scientific names are often descriptive. Anas platyrhynchos is Greek for “duck with a flat bill.” Turdus migratorius, the American Robin, is the “migratory thrush.” Like some common names, scientific names might come after the place they were first described, as Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull). Some are named after people like the French botanist Pierre Magnol who gives us both the common and scientific name of the Magnolia Warbler, Setophaga magnolia. Other scientific names might include references to size, shape, behavior, mythical creatures, calls, songs, native names, and so on. The Ivory Gull is Pagophilia eburne, after the Greek pago for frost, philos, loving, and eburne , Latin for ivory.


Parrot Diet

Omnivorous in nature, these birds have a varied diet. As a pet, the parrot will be healthiest with raw or steamed vegetables, and whole grains (like rice, oats, quinoa, barley, and buckwheat). If available, the health of the bird is best supported by an organic diet, preventing them from ingesting dangerous chemicals that can cause health issues.

Nuts and seeds are a delicious treat for them as pets or freely soared through tropical regions. In the wild, they will also seek out some meats. Still, without a human to feed them, parrots often opt for seeds, fruit, nuts, flowers, buds, and insects.


Taxonomy, the study of the classification and nomenclature of living things, enables us to assign names to animals and to group them into meaningful categories. Living things are classified into a hierarchy of groups, the highest level being the kingdom, followed by the phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. There are five kingdoms of living things: plants, animals, fungi, monera, and Protista. Zoology, the study of animals, focuses on those organisms in the animal kingdom.

Zoological information can be organized into a hierarchy of topics that focus on different levels of organization: the molecular or cellular level, the individual organism level, the population level, the species level, the community level, the ecosystem level, and so forth. Each level aims to describe animal life from a different perspective.


What is the scientific name of this parrot? - Biology

1. Culex pipiens is the name of a species in the KINGDOM Animalia. Its further classification is:

PHYLUM
Arthropoda
CLASS
Insecta
ORDER
Diptera
FAMILY
Culicidae
TRIBE
Culicini
GENUS
Culex
SPECIES
Culex pipiens
SUBSPECIES
Culex pipiens pipiens

2. The scientific names of subspecies through kingdom are all considered to be Latin, not English. The groups (= taxa, singular taxon) of organisms from tribe through kingdom are all considered to be plural: write Culicidae are (not Culicidae is), Diptera are (not Diptera is).

3. The names Animalia, Arthropoda, and Insecta are translated into English as animals, arthropods, and insects. The name Diptera can be translated as dipterans, or as flies. The family name Culicidae can be translated as culicids, or as mosquitoes. It is incorrect to write "a Culicidae": write instead "a culicid." Any family name can be translated into English by the same method (change the initial letter from upper to lower case, and delete the "ae."

4. The scientific name of a genus is a noun in the singular. The scientific name of a species is a binomen (i.e., consists of two words). The scientific name of a subspecies is a trinomen (i.e., consists of three words). The names of genera, species and subspecies are conventionally underlined or placed in italics.

5. The rules for naming animals (vertebrates and invertebrates) are made by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. The rules are published in International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, and they are revised from time to time.

6. The rules for naming plants are published in the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature. They are completely independent of those for naming animals, but they have many points in common, including the use of Latin for all scientific names of plants. Because of complete independence, the scientific name of a genus or species of plant may be the same as the name of a genus or species of animal. Names of the higher taxa of plants (tribes, families, orders, etc.) do not have the same endings as those of animals. Plant family names typically end in -aceae (not -idae), plant order names end in -ales (this varies in animal order names).

7. The word "variety" means something less than subspecies, and has no formal standing in zoological nomenclature. However, in botany there are two formal categories below the level of subspecies: they are variety (abbreviated var. ) and forma (abbreviated f. ).

8. The word "type" has special meaning in biology. The type (i.e., type species) is the species that has been designated in the taxonomic literature as typical of a genus. The type (i.e., holotype) is the specimen that has been designated in the taxonomic literature as typical of a species. See a textbook on taxonomy for more information.

9. The words "variety" and "type" are not used in the same way by non-biologists.


Many parrots are kept as pets, especially macaws, Amazon parrots, cockatiels, parakeets, and cockatoos. These birds have been popular companions throughout history because they are intelligent, charismatic, colorful, and musical. Some birds can imitate many nonavian sounds, including human speech. The male African gray parrot (Psittacus erithacus) is the most accomplished user of human speech in the animal world this rain forest-dweller is an uncanny mimic.

Currently the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) bans the sale of any wild-caught species, yet the parrots' popularity continues to drive illegal trade.


Watch the video: 10 σημαντικά πράγματα για τους παπαγάλους (January 2023).